sábado, 6 de agosto de 2016

A white fungal network called hyphae, not plant roots, is the principal structure for the uptake of many important nutrients in the plant kingdom.

Mycorrhizal Fungi: The Amazing Underground Secret to a Better Garden

Nurture the ancient, symbiotic relationship between mycorrhizal fungi and plants’ roots for increased garden harvests and healthier soil.
By Douglas H. Chadwick
August/September 2014
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A white fungal network called hyphae, not plant roots, is the principal structure for the uptake of many important nutrients in the plant kingdom.
Illustration by Michael Rothman
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Throughout history, people’s explanations of life involved all kinds of wonderful stories and complex philosophies. Facts just weren’t really in the mix. That began to change with the rise of science. Scientific momentum picked up sharply during the 16th and 17th centuries. As scholars scrambled to collect and categorize exotic beasts and botanical wonders, they dreamed of piecing together a full portrait of nature. Then, eyeglass lens-makers in the Netherlands assembled the first high-powered microscopes, and scientists looked closer at a few items that were right in front of them: soil, old bread and drops of muddy water. The world they had been trying to make sense of for so long suddenly seemed ten, a hundred, a thousand times more intricate, strange and beautiful — alive in more ways than anybody could have ever imagined.

The Microscopic World of Beneficial Microbes

We still define natural habitats primarily in terms of plants and animals, the two kingdoms of life we can see with unaided eyes. The greatest amount of biological activity and the largest diversity of species and genes, however, come from the other four kingdoms science now recognizes: bacteria, archaea (a less-studied division of life-forms formerly considered bacteria), protists (mostly single-celled algae and protozoans), and fungi. The vast majority of these members are microscopic in size. They cannot be seen with the naked eye, but we now know they permeate soils and suffuse waters. They drift en masse through air. They thrive not only on the surface of every plant and animal, but within them as well. From the upper reaches of the atmosphere to the bottom of the seas, down into the rock layers and outnumbering the stars in the known universe, microbes are literally the creatures that make Earth a living planet.
Microbes remain mostly in the “out of sight, out of mind” category of nature for a lot of folks. Others, chemical spray in hand, can hardly stop thinking about them, envisioning “germs,” mold spores and other unseen swarmers poised to unleash disease and rot. Either way, a broader understanding of the life-forms that truly put the “bio” in “biosphere” has been slow to emerge. Interest is building, though, as the public learns more about the positive roles microorganisms play, including how some types can boost yields in gardens. These mycorrhizae — extraordinary fungi that interact with our garden crops — are what we’ll be zooming in on.

Behind the Scenes With Beneficial Fungi

I’m a wildlife biologist. Decades ago, I visited a team working to restore streamsides churned to bare gravel by placer mining. They were planting willow and alder in hopes of stabilizing the banks and preventing further erosion. Other vegetation could then move in and once again shade the passing waters, cooling them for native trout and spawning salmon. I was already picturing songbirds returning to nest in the lush foliage while mink, otters, and bears patrolled the shores, except the normally hardy willow and alder wouldn’t grow. They withered instead, and the banks stayed empty — until the team prepared the next batch to be planted by first soaking their roots in a broth containing certain fungi. This is common practice today. It wasn’t then. Besides changing the way I’ve planted trees at home ever since, the visit made me realize that my view of the most important wildlife in ecosystems might be upside-down. 

The point on your forehead that you will be working with is called the Third Eye Point. In Traditional Chinese Medicine this point is called GV 24 and the GV stands for Governor Vessel. It is located between the eyebrows,

My grandfather is a doctor, a certified acupuncturist, acupressurist and Tui Na massager, graduating in Sri Lanka at the head of his class. He has over 6 books published along with one describing all meridians and Governor Points on the human body called “The Acupuncture’s Atlas”
He is one of few people who was able to merge the old ways of healing with the new. Conversations with him are always exiting because he always describes the human body as something wondrous. And, since I was a kid, he always told me secrets for healing the human body.
There is Yin and Yang energy that flows through us. The flow of this energy is necessary for good circulation and health. Sometimes emotional and physical trauma suppresses the flow of energy and in order to return harmony we need to manipulate the flow of these energies.
Here is a particularly interesting way to benefit your body that doesn’t take too much effort or time. You’ll notice that some of these movements and massages come naturally to our bodies when we feel the need to subconsciously improve our energy flow.
GV 24 Point On Your Forehead 2
The point on your forehead that you will be working with is called the Third Eye Point. In Traditional Chinese Medicine this point is called GV 24 and the GV stands for Governor Vessel. It is located between the eyebrows, slightly above the upper bridge of the nose meets the forehead.
GV 24 Point On Your Forehead 2
Applying upward pressure to this point on the forehead improves concentration, releases tension, relieves headaches, and can also benefit your eyes especially if you are long time of the day in front of a computer. According to Traditional Chinese Medicine and acupressure doctors, massaging this point strengthens the intuition of an individual.
With a gentle pressure starting from the GV 24 (The Third Eye) point, stroke this place upward to 3 inches above in a vertical line.
Apply upward pressure to this point for 45 seconds – 1 minute and you will notice the benefits.
The researchers say “This procedure activates one of the brain centers, amygdala nucleus, which affects the human lymphatic system causing elimination of nervous tension and helping removal of the negative metabolism products. Moreover, this procedure efficiently counteracts creation of new wrinkles, facilitates blood and lymph flow (prevents swelling), makes the skin excellently firm, corrects the eye and mouth corners and activates regeneration processes (e.g. after a surgery).”
Yang energy, unlike Yin, begins in the head and flows downward to the rest of the body.

viernes, 5 de agosto de 2016

HUMAN CELLS HAVE ELECTRIC FIELDS AS POWERFUL AS LIGHTINING BOLTS...

Human Cells Have Electric Fields as Powerful as Lightning Bolts

Authored or posted by  | Last updated on  | Published on August 4, 2016 Reply
Using newly developed voltage-sensitive nanoparticles, researchers have found that the previously unknown electric fields inside of cells are as strong, or stronger, as those produced in lightning bolts. Previously, it has only been possible to measure electric fields across cell membranes, not within the main bulk of cells, so scientists didn’t even know cells had an internal electric field.
This discovery is a surprising twist for cell researchers. Scientists don’t know what causes these incredibly strong fields or why they’ are there. But now using new nanotools, such as voltage-sensitive dyes, they can start to measure them at least. Researchers believe they may be able to learn more about disease states, such as cancer, by studying these minute, but powerful electric fields.
University of Michigan researchers led by chemistry professor Raoul Kopelman encapsulated voltage-sensitive dyes in polymer spheres just 30 nanometers in diameter. Testing these nanoparticles in the internal fluid of brain-cancer cells, Kopelman found electric fields as strong as 15 million volts per meter, up to five times stronger than the field found in a lightning bolt. However, this discovery goes beyond being incredibly interesting; the finding will likely change the way researchers look at disease.
“They have developed a tool that allows you to look at cellular changes on a very local level,” said Piotr Grodzinski, director of the National Cancer Institute Alliance for Nanotechnology in Cancer in Technology Review. Grodzinski believes many developments in cancer research, for example, over the past few years have been “reactive” rather than proactive. Despite how far cancer treatments have come, the way that cancer, and other diseases, progresses at the cellular level in the first place is still not well understood. With a better understanding, researchers could improve diagnostics and care. “This development represents an attempt to start using nanoscale tools to understand how disease develops,” said Grodzinski.
Kopelman has developed encapsulated voltage-sensitive dyes that aren’t hydrophobic and can operate anywhere in the cell, rather than just in membranes. Because it’s possible to place his encapsulated dyes in a cell with a greater degree of control, Kopelman likens them to voltmeters. “Nano voltmeters do not perturb [the cellular] environment, and you can control where you put them,” he says.
The existence of strong electric fields across cellular membranes is accepted as a basic fact of cell biology. The fact that cells have internal electric fields as well, however, is a whole new revelation. Scientists previously did not know of the existence of internal cellular energy fields, and are just in the earliest stages of understand the phenomenon. Kopelman presented his results at the annual meeting of the American Society for Cell Biology this month. “There has been no skepticism as to the measurements,” says Kopelman. “But we don’t have an interpretation.”
Daniel Chu of the University of Washington in Seattle agrees that Kopelman’s work provides proof of concept that cells have internal electric fields. “It’s bound to be important, but nobody has looked at it yet,” Chu says.

BODY MERIDIANS CHARTS......PLUS OTHER INFORMATION...

Each meridian in the body corresponds to a different internal organ. Meridians have pressure points, and it’s believed that practicing massage or acupuncture on these points can help release any blocked qi on the meridian, which in turn releases tension in the related organ. Pressing and holding the point draws qi into the channel to invigorate the organ.Each meridian in the body corresponds to a different internal organ. Meridians have pressure points, and it’s believed that practicing massage or acupuncture on these points can help release any blocked qi on the meridian, which in turn releases tension in the related organ. Pressing and holding the point draws qi into the channel to invigorate the organ.
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It is believed that you can improve your health, mood and energize your body by placing an ice cube on a certain point located on the neck. If you practice massage or acupuncture, or you’ve been wanting to try it, this is a quick, easy and safe way to explore the theory of Chinese medicine at home.
The point on the neck is found between the tendons in the back of the neck, at the base of the skull and the top of the neck, close to the base of the hairline. In acupuncture, this point is calledFeng Fu or Wind Mansion. Acupuncturists believe that stimulating this point promotes overall well-being. To begin, all you need is an ice cube.

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Scientists in Japan have announced that they've successfully managed to transmit energy wirelessly with high accuracy.

Success! Scientists have achieved wireless energy transfer across 55m
This could change everything.
FIONA MACDONALD
13 MAR 2015
 
Scientists in Japan have announced that they've successfully managed to transmit energy wirelessly with high accuracy. It’s a game-changing achievement for electricity generation that could one day allow us to place huge solar sheets in space and beam the energy back to Earth.
The researchers from the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) announced yesterday that they had used microwaves to deliver 1.8 kilowatts of power - just enough to power a kettle - through the air to a receiver 55 metres away, with pinpoint accuracy.
"This was the first time anyone has managed to send a high output of nearly two kilowatts of electric power via microwaves to a small target, using a delicate directivity control device," a spokesperson for JAXA told AFP.
In the meantime, we're all getting excited about the potential of wireless energy transfer here on Earth, with researchers recently developing technology thatuses a magnetic field to charge devices from five metres away, and a router that can beam electricity to up to 12 devices at once. But even though this is pretty impressive, it's got nothing on the distance of JAXA's wireless energy transfer, or its ambition.
Although there’s still a long way to go, the team’s ultimate goal is to set up solar satellites around 36,000 km off Earth’s surface, where they’re able to soak up the intense solar energy from the Sun and then beam it back to Earth via antennae, providing the planet with unlimited renewable power.
It’s something the agency has been working on for years, after seeing man-made satellites such as the International Space Station surviving easily on solar.
"But it could take decades before we see practical application of the technology - maybe in the 2040s or later," the spokesperson told AFP.
"There are a number of challenges to overcome, such as how to send huge structures into space, how to construct them and how to maintain them."
Still, we can't help but get excited at the prospect of fossil fuel-free electricity being beamed down on us from outside our atmosphere. It doesn't get more futuristic than that.